Designing Libraries aims to showcase the best in library design, and award winning libraries feature frequently in its news items, case studies and database entries. Over the past two years Designing Libraries covered 30 announcements of libraries which won awards. In this article written for Designing Libraries Alan Clark surveys the field.
Magic mushrooms, installation on the ceiling of Dokk1, Aarhus, Denmark, voted the best public library in the world
Academic Libraries – UK and Ireland
The SCONUL Library Design Awards have been running since 1973 and are now awarded every three years. The aim is to encourage good practice in library planning and design and to celebrate outstanding examples of cutting-edge design. Awards are given on the basis of the functional design of buildings rather than purely architectural merit.
The awards are made by a panel of librarians on the basis of submissions from the libraries and visits to the shortlisted libraries. The shortlist is comprised of those deemed to best meet the judging criteria, which for 2016 were: strategic alignment, design and transformation. Visits take place in spring to allow the judges to assess the libraries’ functioning at full activity.
School libraries – UK
The School Library Association (SLA) Inspiration Award has been awarded annually to the school library space that shows inspiration, innovation, creativity and resourcefulness in its library design and use. The award is sponsored by Gresswell and LFC, part of the Demco Europe group. It will now take place biennially, with prizes next awarded in both primary and secondary sectors in 2017. Schools submit applications and a shortlist of libraries are visited by a panel of judges.
Public Libraries – UK and Ireland
The Public Library Building Awards UK and the Republic of Ireland, administered by the Public Libraries Group of the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) and An Chomairle Leabharlanna, the Irish Library Council, were last awarded in 2009 before becoming victims of economic recession. A judging panel visited shortlisted libraries and awarded both overall winners and winners in specific categories and latterly there was also a public choice winner, voted on by delegates at the CILIP Umbrella conference at which the awards were presented.
There is a need for a public library design award and Designing Libraries is currently in consultation with interested parties to revive the award.
Libraries, all sectors – USA
The American Institute of Architects/American Library Association Library Building Awards are a collaboration between architects and information professionals and recognise exemplary facilities designed by US licensed architects anywhere in the world and are judged by a jury of industry professionals. The awards cover libraries of all sizes in all sectors. The 2016 award recipients are all in the United States.
The biennial competition for the Library Interior Design Awards is co-sponsored by the American Library Association (ALA) and the International Interior Design Association (IIDA). The awards honour excellence in library interior design. Award winners demonstrate excellence in aesthetics, design, creativity, function, and satisfaction of the client’s objectives. The competition is managed by the LLAMA Buildings and Equipment Section (BES) of the American Library Association. The awards grew out of a realisation of the importance of showcasing excellence not just in the fabric of library buildings, but in the design considerations of producing a striking, coherent and functioning interior. They were inaugurated in 2006 and have been awarded biennially since then, except in 2010.
Public Library of the Year Award
The international Public Library of the Year Award was inaugurated in 2014 by the Danish Agency for Culture as part of its Model Program for Public Libraries and is open to new public libraries. The purpose of the program is to develop the library of the future, taking into account among other factors, digital developments, user demands, local culture, and the desire to accommodate diverse population groups with an open and functional architectural expression. Sponsored by the architects Schmidt Hammer Lassen, the 2014 award was won by Craigieburn Library, Hume City, Victoria, Australia.
In 2015, now with a new sponsor, the IT company Systematic, the award was renamed Systematic – Public Library of the Year Award 2015 and won by Kista Public Library, Sweden. The 2016 winner was Dokk1 Aarhus, Denmark which has featured prominently on Designing Libraries.
IFLA Green Library Award
First awarded in 2016 the International Federation of Library Associations Green Library Award, administered by IFLA’s Environmental Sustainability and Libraries Special Interest Group and sponsored by De Gruyter, has the following objectives:
- to reward the best Green Library submission that communicates the library’s commitment to environmental sustainability
- to create awareness of libraries’ social responsibility and leadership in environmental education
The 2016 winner was El Pequeño Sol ecological library (The Little Sun Ecological Library), Mexico, which was seen to be a project where sustainability was the soul of the project from conception to delivery.
General Building Awards
As can be seen from the Designing Libraries website, there are numerous instances of libraries winning general building design awards:
The Royal Institute of British Architects RIBA Stirling Prize
The prize is regarded as the pre-eminent award in UK architecture. Named after the architect James Stirling and now in its 26th year, the prize is awarded to the architects of the building which is judged to have made the greatest contribution to the evolution of architecture in the past year. The competition has often featured library buildings in its shortlists, as in 2016 with the Weston Library at the Bodleian. Peckham Library, Southwark won the Stirling Prize in 2000.
National Building Awards
In addition to the Stirling Prize, RIBA also awards annual National Building Awards to UK buildings recognised as making a significant contribution to architecture. In 2016 this included five libraries: Essex University, Albert Sloman Library and Silberrad Student Centre; Hebburn Central Library and Sports Facility; Laidlaw Library University of Leeds; Investcorp Building, Middle East Centre, St. Anthony's College, Oxford, and the Weston Library, Bodleian Library.
What are design awards for?
It is clear that there are significant differences between awards depending on the nature of the bodies awarding them and how they are administered and judged.
Awards adjudicated solely by architects may look for different characteristics from those judged either jointly by practitioners and architects or solely by practitioners.
Librarianship associations such as the International Federation of Library Associations, SCONUL, the American Library Association, often take a lead role in library design awards. They do this as a part of their mission to raise the profile of the profession they represent; to steer current and future thinking about libraries; to disseminate current good practice; to inspire and educate their members and of course in the process to raise their own profile and influence.
Sponsors will want to ensure that they profit from their involvement with an award and may wish their name to be part of title of the award.
Both sponsors and lead organisations may have clear ideas of the criteria to be used in judging the award which will reflect their broader objectives, as we have seen with the SCONUL Awards and with the Danish Agency for Culture’s Model Program for Public Libraries in the case of the Public Library of the Year award.
What contribution do design awards make to library design?
I have already noted the advantages of design awards to the awarding bodies. More broadly awards contribute to developments in library design by:
- showcasing examples of contemporary design, assessed by experts in their fields as possessing excellence
- benchmarking, identifying current standards and current pre-occupations
- recording examples of excellence for posterity
- promoting and publicising, both within their target audience and to the wider public, locally, nationally and internationally, not just the buildings themselves, but all the parties associated with their design and construction
- educating, inspiring and provoking, stimulating ideas and action and suggesting design solutions to common service problems and barriers to use
Who are the winners? Only those who win?
I believe that library design awards have many winners including:
- all shortlisted libraries
- the LIS profession as a whole
- all those LIS, architectural and construction professionals whose ideas and practices have been enriched by exposure to new ideas and novel design solutions
- individual practitioners and planners looking for ways forward in service provision or for solutions to particular design problems.
Is an award winning library a good library?
Perhaps the answer is: only if it is a winner to and for its users; if it creates an impact and encourages service development; if it allows a flexible response to change and continues to respond to user needs. I feel that we could really do with a “10 Years In” award for library design.
Do you know or use a library which you feel is an exemplar of good design?
Let Designing Libraries know its details and your reasons and we will contact the library for additional information.